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Why you should be worried about mouse infestation
If you have a problem with mice in and around your home, you need to be careful.Mice can cause significant damage to items in your home like food and clothing, furniture, woodwork and even electrical wiring.
They also pose a threat to your household and pets. Mice live in basements, attics, garden sheds and animal enclosures, and behind appliances and furniture.
A more serious threat from mouse infestation is the risk of contracting disease from mouse droppings. Since mice leave urine and feces on every surface they touch, they pose the risk of infecting humans and pets.
The risk of disease:
Some studies suggest that within the last 100 years, as many as 10 million people have died from diseases contracted by mice. It’s also believed that as many as 200 human pathogens may be spread my mice infestation.
Studies also show that there can be as many as 25 diseases that may be contracted from mice infestation.Some diseases form rat infestation may include Lyme disease, salmonella, typhus, the plague, Hantavirus, and leptospirosis.
Leptospirosis is one of the major risks of mouse infestation. It can be fatal if left untreated or undetected in the early stages.You can contract leptospirosis from coming in contact with water, soil, urine or food that is contaminated by the bacteria spread by mice.
If you have mice around the and work in the garden or farm fields, your risk of contracting leptospirosis increases, especially if you have an open wound that may allow the spores to enter your body.
Signs and symptoms of leptospirosis include diarrhea, red eyes, belly pain, high fever, headache, chills, and yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice).Leptospirosis may also cause damage to the brain, liver, and kidneys and may be fatal if left untreated.
The plague is still a serious health risk for persons throughout the world. Even though it’s not a serious threat as in previous centuries, mice and still transfer the disease from infected fleas onto humans.
The bacteria which cause salmonella poisoning may be present in the faces of mice. Since mice crawl over almost every surface in the home, including food items, the risk of contracting salmonella is increased.
Some symptoms of salmonella poisoning include belly cramps, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Rat Bite Fever
Rat bites or scratches may also transmit rat bite fever to humans. You can also contract the fever through consuming drink or food items handled by mice. If the bites are left untreated, you may die.
If you live in tropical areas, you may also be at risk for contracting a type of typhus fever. It is spread from mice infected with the fleas carrying the bacteria.Some of the symptoms of typhus may include vomiting, chills, stomach cramps, and fever.
More serious complications of typhus may include damage to the brain, liver, heart, lungs, and kidneys.
There are certain types of mice living in wetlands, wooded areas, shrubs and forests that may also get infected with the Lyme tick.Studies show that the white-footed mouse has a very high tolerance for the Lyme tick living in their fur. These mice can transfer the bacteria to humans through tick bites.
Hantavirus is spread from mice to humans through their droppings, saliva, and urine. The spores from the virus can also get into the air and affect your breathing.
Hantavirus may also cause you to experience kidney failure, low blood pressure or respiratory disease. Symptoms like shortness of breath, vomiting, headache, nausea, tiredness, and muscle ache are common. Studies also suggest that one in every three persons with Hantavirus may eventually die.
The moment you detect a mouse in or around your house, you should be on alert for lots more of them nearby.Mice tend to breed rather quickly and can produce as many as 10 babies every month.
So in one year, you may have close to 100 mice lurking around.Mice eat often, so food scraps left lying around or food that’s not properly stored will attract them.
They like to live in dark, warm spaces, under old clothing and newspapers, in garbage bins, clutter, behind furniture and appliances, and in cupboards.Everywhere a mouse goes, he leaves droppings and urine on each surface including food.
Studies suggest once mice are present, there may be up to 100 droppings around the home each day.
Damage to food crops
If you’re a farmer or grow food crops on a small scale, mice infestation can wipe you out financially if you take them for granted.Although mice may not live longer than 6 months, they can do significant damage to your livelihood in a short space of time.
Also, bear in mind that mice left to themselves for long periods can be around for as long as 2 years at a time. They can crawl into hard to reach areas through holes or small openings and survive quite well.
How to control mice infestation
Mice also like to run from cold areas to keep warm and search for food especially in the winter. They will squeeze through any possible opening to get inside your house.Some of the best ways to discourage mice from around your house is to keep your surroundings clean and clear of garbage, debris, old clothing and papers and other clutter.
Rats my also destroy electrical wiring and wood chippings in furniture or other household items. Look for small cracks or openings in attics, basements or sheds and plug them to stop mice from getting inside.
Keep food items secure by packaging them in seal-proof containers to avoid contamination from droppings, saliva and urine.Wear gloves, long sleeved shirts and long pants when doing gardening, farming or other yard chores.
You may be surprised to learn that there may be close to 20 million mouse infestations in America every year.Mice infestation can pose serious risks to adults, young children and even pets and animals.Early intervention will help keep them out, and save you considerable benefits to your health and livelihood.